Thyroid Disease Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Thyroid Disease Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland positioned at the lower part of your neck, situated just beneath the Adam’s apple. It plays a significant role in regulating various bodily functions including metabolism and growth. However, when the thyroid gland malfunctions, it can lead to thyroid disease, causing a range of symptoms and health complications. In this blog post, we’ll understand what thyroid disease is, its causes, symptoms, and treatment.

What is Thyroid?

The thyroid gland produces hormones, primarily thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which regulate growth, metabolism, energy levels, heart rate, body temperature, and other vital functions. These hormones influence nearly every organ in the body and are crucial for maintaining overall health and well-being. Additionally, the thyroid gland produces calcitonin, a hormone involved in calcium regulation and bone health.

Symptoms of Thyroid Disease

The symptoms of thyroid disease vary depending on the specific disorder and whether the thyroid gland is overactive (hyperthyroidism) or underactive (hypothyroidism). Common symptoms include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Weight changes
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Hair loss or thinning
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Intolerance to cold or heat
  • Muscle weakness or tremors
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Dry skin and brittle nails
  • Swelling in the neck (goitre)
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing (in severe cases)


Thyroid Disease

What Causes Thyroid Disease?

Thyroid disease can result from various factors, including:

  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland, often triggered by viral infections or autoimmune reactions, can cause temporary or chronic thyroid dysfunction.
  • Iodine imbalance: Too much or too little iodine in your diet can negatively affect thyroid function.
  • Medications: Some medications like lithium, amiodarone, and some anti-thyroid drugs can impact thyroid hormone regulation.
  • Autoimmune Disorders: Conditions like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves’ disease occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and dysfunction.
  • Thyroid Nodules: Benign or cancerous growths on the thyroid gland, known as nodules, can disrupt hormone production and cause thyroid problems.
  • Pregnancy: Some women develop postpartum thyroiditis or conditions like hyperthyroidism during or after pregnancy.
  • Genetics: A family history or genetic predisposition may increase susceptibility.

Who is Affected by Thyroid Disease?

Thyroid disease can affect individuals of any age, gender, or ethnicity. However, certain factors may increase the risk of developing thyroid disorders, including:

  1. Gender: Women are more likely to develop thyroid disorders than men, with the risk increasing significantly during pregnancy and menopause.
  2. Age: While thyroid disorders can occur at any age, they are more common in individuals over the age of 60.
  3. Family History: A family history of thyroid disease or autoimmune conditions can predispose individuals to thyroid disorders.
  4. Radiation Exposure: Exposure to radiation, particularly during childhood or as part of medical treatments, can increase the risk of developing thyroid cancer or other thyroid disorders.

Treatment for Thyroid Disease

If you are experiencing any symptoms or difficulties related to a potential thyroid condition, consider visiting Hale Clinics located in Mohali. Hale Clinics offer expert care and Best Endocrinologist Services in Mohali. Their skilled endocrinologists offer comprehensive hormone testing and imaging to correctly diagnose the underlying issue.

Hale Clinics specialize in managing different types of thyroid disorders. Most patients see significant improvement in symptoms and thyroid function through their expert care. With their patient-first approach, cutting-edge treatments, experienced endocrinologists, and proven success record, Hale Clinics is highly recommended for assessment and ongoing management of thyroid conditions. They make it easier to live well with thyroid disease through their exemplary Thyroid Treatment in Mohali.


By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for thyroid disease, individuals can take proactive steps to maintain thyroid health and overall well-being. The good news is that most types of thyroid disease are manageable with modern treatment. Work closely with your healthcare provider for proper testing, diagnosis, and management, so you can minimize symptoms and avoid complications. If you suspect any thyroid-related problems, you can visit Hale Clinics, the Best Multi-Specialty Clinic in Mohali, for proper evaluation and management.


Q1. What does thyroid gland do?

Ans. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism, growth, energy levels, heart rate, and body temperature.

Q2. What are the symptoms of thyroid disease?

Ans. Common symptoms include fatigue, weight changes, mood swings, hair loss, irregular menstrual cycles, and intolerance to cold or heat.

Q3. What causes thyroid disease?

Ans. Thyroid disease can result from factors such as thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland), iodine imbalance, medications, autoimmune disorders, thyroid nodules, pregnancy, and genetics.

Q4. Can thyroid disease be cured?

Ans. While some forms of thyroid disease can be managed effectively with treatment, others may require lifelong management to control symptoms and maintain hormone levels within a healthy range.

Q5. How can I maintain thyroid health?

Ans. Maintaining a balanced diet with sufficient iodine, regular exercise, managing stress levels, avoiding smoking, and ensuring regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help promote thyroid health.Top of Form