Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

Sure, we all know that osteoporosis has something to do with weak, fracture-prone bones as we get older. But, most of us probably couldn’t rattle off much more about this skeletal health condition without googling it first.

This metabolic bone disorder tends to strike once we hit that glorious golden age milestone, slowly depleting bone density and leaving many scrambling to pop supplements. Leaving it unchecked is a straight-up invitation for all kinds of orthopedic misery to ensue. 

In this blog, we will understand everything you need to know about osteoporosis – from its sneaky signs and underlying causes to osteoporosis treatment and prevention tips for keeping this problem at bay. 

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disorder characterized by a progressive loss of bone density and mass that leaves bones extremely porous and prone to fractures – even from something as simple as a cough or minor fall. Essentially, this disease sucks the structural integrity right out of your skeleton over time.

When we’re young and bone-healthy, our bodies are constantly regenerating new bone tissue through a natural process of bone remodeling. Old bone cells dissolve away while fresh new cells move in to leave bones dense and resilient. It’s like a perpetual open house where the realtor (your body) coordinates an endless stream of new buyers (bone cells).

Osteoporosis disrupts that healthy remodeling process, causing your body to absorb and remove too much existing bone tissue without sufficiently rebuilding it. The end result is a skeletal system filled with bigger holes and less dense architecture – making those bones exceptionally fragile and fracture-prone.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

Unlike some overachiever conditions that strike in our prime years, osteoporosis tends to be more of a quintessential drama queen – laying relatively low on the nuisance scale until well into late adulthood. Most people have no clue their skeletons are quietly being decimated until they start experiencing:

    • Sudden height loss and stooped posture from compressing vertebrae
    • Dull, aching bone or muscle pain with no apparent injury
    • Easily occurring stress fractures from low-impact bumps or falls 
    • Poor grip strength and weak handshake game 

Most osteoporotic fractures actually happen in that over-50 crowd, with the risk ramping up even higher once women hit menopause and men enter their andropause years. These periods bring about hormonal changes that cause accelerated bone loss in both genders.

However, that doesn’t mean the disease can’t start brewing years earlier. Osteoporosis is often called the “silent disease” because bone loss can insidiously take place over decades without obvious symptoms until damage is already done. If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, scheduling an appointment at Hale Clinics is recommended, which provides one of the best Osteoporosis Treatment in Chandigarh.

Osteoporosis Treatment in Chandigarh

Causes of Osteoporosis

So who exactly falls victim to osteoporosis and why? Let’s break down some of the usual suspects that make folks susceptible:

    • Gender – It’s no secret that women are far more likely to develop osteoporosis due to their slender bone structure and precipitous drop in estrogen levels after menopause.
    • Age – For both sexes, the older we get, the bigger bullseye for osteoporosis we become. Our bone regeneration abilities slow down dramatically while other degenerative changes set in. 
    • Genetics/Ethnicity – People with petite builds or of Asian or Northern European descent tend to be at higher risk. Sometimes the DNA curses us from birth.
    • Diet/Nutrition – A lifetime of restricting calcium, protein, and other vital bone nutrients can open the door for structural weaknesses over time. Osteo thrives on nutrient deficiencies!
    • Lifestyle Factors – Things like excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, sedentary behavior, eating disorders, or overindulging in bone brittle beverages and acidic foods all earn drama points with this demanding disease. 
    • Certain Conditions – Rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases, thyroid issues, low testosterone levels in men, long-term steroid use, and other underlying disorders also cause Osteoporosis.

Clearly, this is one high-maintenance disease with a long list of demands for her fragility performance! The key is being able to recognize her flair for drama from day one.

Prevention Tips

While osteoporosis may seem intent on scoring a lead role, you don’t have to resign yourself to chronic back pain, slumped posture, and recurring fractures. There are definitely ways we can all work to undermine this skeletal bully:

    • Get Your Bone Density Tested: Particularly once you hit age 50, regular bone density scans are critical for detecting osteoporosis or the precursor “osteopenia” early before a crisis fracture situation. Identify any weaknesses so you can fortify them! 
    • Load Up on Calcium & Vitamin D: These two bone-building rockstars play pivotal roles in absorption and maintaining optimal bone density over time. Upgrade your diet and supplement routine to hit those recommended daily targets.
    • Work Those Bones: Resistance training and weight-bearing exercise cause the productive stress that signals bones to rebuild themselves. Find an osteo-approved routine and get those skeletons squatting! 
    • Cut The Bad Bone Vibes: Limit bone enemies like alcohol, salt, caffeine, and acidic foods/beverages from your diet as much as you can. Living that alkaline clean life keeps osteoporosis from getting too comfortable.
    • Support Your Frame: Improving posture, balance, and fall prevention through practices like yoga, tai chi, and PT can minimize your risk of injury if osteoporosis has already infiltrated. 
    • Consider Meds or Hormone Therapy: For more advanced cases, prescription bone-building drugs or hormone treatments may help slow your skeleton’s deterioration. Have an open dialogue with your doctor.

If you want to know more about osteoporosis treatment, schedule an appointment with Dr. Mohak Kataria, who is one of the Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Mohali.


Being proactive about your skeletal health is the best way to keep osteoporosis and its bone-depleting bullying at bay. Building and maintaining strong, dense bones from childhood all the way through your golden years requires dedication to nutrition, exercise, and an overall bone-conscious lifestyle. But putting in that effort is totally worth it to avoid the excessive fragility, hunched posture, and dangerously recurring fracture risks of full-blown osteoporosis.

So don’t be afraid to stand up nice and tall against this big bully! With the right habits and preventative strategies, you can totally keep your bones dense, strong, and sturdy for life – no breaking required.