Urologist: Who are they and What do they Do

Urologist: Who are they and What do they Do

Do you know who the Urologist is? When it comes to medical specialties, everybody only knows about cardiologists, paediatricians, and dermatologists, but very few people know about urologists, and what their role is in the betterment of health.

Urologists are highly trained medical professionals who diagnose and treat diseases of the urinary tract in both men and women. They also provide treatment for anything involving the reproductive tract in men. Urologists can provide treatment for any part of the urinary tract system, including kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, and adrenal glands

Which conditions do urologists treat?

Urologists treat a wide range of conditions that affect the urinary system and male reproductive system.

In men, urologists treat

  • urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation,
  • cancers of the kidneys, bladder, penis, testicles, and prostate and adrenal glands
  • infertility
  • prostate gland enlargement
  • interstitial cystitis
  • prostatitis
  • kidney diseases
  • kidney stones
  • varicoceles, or enlarged veins in the scrotum
In men, urologists treat

In women, urologists treat:

  • cancers of the kidneys, bladder, and adrenal glands
  • kidney stones
  • UTIs
  • bladder prolapse, or the dropping of the bladder into the vagina
  • interstitial cystitis
  • urinary incontinence
  • overactive bladder

In children, urologists treat

  • bed-wetting
  • Blockages
  • undescended testicles

Many urologists further specialize in the following

  • Paediatric urology
  • Urologic oncology (urological cancers)
  • Male infertility
  • Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery
  • Neurourology (nervous system control of bladder/sexual function)
  • Minimally invasive urologic surgery techniques
  • Robotic and laparoscopic urologic procedures

The extensive education highlights the immense complexity involved in maintaining overall urological health, function, and quality of life. Having direct access to these dedicated experts can be invaluable when facing any issues with the genitourinary tract.


So while you may not cross paths with a urologist regularly unless you’re dealing with a specific urologic condition, partnering with one of these skilled specialists is vital for receiving personalized, innovative care. They approach urinary and reproductive health with astounding technical mastery combined with empathy and discretion for some of life’s most personal issues. If you have any concerns regarding your health, you should get it checked at Hale Clinics, which has the Best Urologist in Mohali.


Q1.Is it important to consult a urologist for uterus pain?

Ans. Pain in the uterus may not necessarily require consultation with a urologist unless there are overlapping symptoms or conditions affecting both the urinary and reproductive systems.

Q2. Is urine infection contagious?

Ans. Yes, urinary tract infections (UTIs) can potentially be contagious, but they are not typically considered highly contagious like a cold or the flu.

Q3.When to see a urologist for UTI?

Ans. Consider seeing a urologist for a UTI if you have:

  1. Frequent or recurrent UTIs.
  2. Complicated UTIs or other medical conditions.
  3. Persistent or severe symptoms despite treatment.
  4. Suspected urinary tract abnormalities.
  5. Special circumstances (e.g., male, pregnant, child, or underlying medical conditions).

Q4. Can a urologist treat kidney stones?

Ans. Yes, urologists commonly treat kidney stones. They have the expertise to diagnose kidney stones through imaging studies like CT scans or ultrasounds and may conduct urine tests to determine the stone’s composition.

Q5. Can a urologist treat piles?

Ans. No, urologists typically do not treat piles, which are also known as hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are typically treated by gastroenterologists, colorectal surgeons, or general surgeons, depending on the severity of the condition.